Jurnal

The Gender Stereotypes and Stereotypes Development of Two Female Character in the Movie The Stepford Wives
Ari Abdul Gafur; Singgih Daru Kuncara, M.Hum; Erna Wati, M.St

Up. Fakultas ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman


The Gender Stereotypes and Stereotypes Development of Two Female Characters in the Movie The Stepford Wives

ABSTRACT

For many centuries, most society lives by the rules of the gender stereotypes. They abide the binary system where there are only two boxes that you can put yourself into, the masculine and the feminine. At that time, or in that specific culture, women do what they are expected to do. They still have the stereotypes of what they need to do as women as if they are entitled of certain things. The issue of gender stereotypes, specifically women stereotypes can be found in the movie The Stepford Wives directed by Frank Oz. The purposes of the study were to analyze the masculine and feminine traits in two female characters (Joanna Eberhart & Bobbie Markowitz) and to identify whether or not they fall into the stereotypes and to figure out how they transgress and regress to change the stereotypes they are entitled to.

                Theoretically this study will gives contribution towards the development of gender studies. Meanwhile, practically this study is hoped to give insights towards the future researcher who wish to examine similar objects. This study will also give information and awaken the reader about the issue of gender stereotypes especially women stereotypes in the society.

                Gender Performativity by Judith Butler is used as the ground theory in this research. Meanwhile, BEM Sex Role Inventory by Sandra Bem is used as the main theory to examine the masculinity and femininity in the female characters to identify whether they fall into the women stereotypes or not. The theory of Modified Downing and Roush’ Feminist Identity Development by Rickard and McNamara is used to examine the stereotypes change of these female characters by identifying their transgression and regression. Gender Stereotypes and Women Stereotypes theories are used from several references to support the analysis of the women stereotypes issues in the movie The Stepford Wives.

                The results of the research show that the two female characters in the movie do not fit  into the women stereotypes that exist in the society. One character has more masculine traits than feminine traits and the other has balanced masculine and feminine traits. They are classified into masculine woman and androgynous woman. The present research also shows an indication of transgression and regression in the two female characters process of changing the stereotypes they are entitled to. The two female characters each shows different process of changing or challenging the women stereotypes. The results of this present research show that there are women who resist following the women stereotypes that exist in the society.

 

                Key Words: Gender, Stereotypes, Gender Roles, Masculine, Feminine, The Stepford Wives

Publikasi : Up. Fakultas ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman(2015)(05)

Kontak : ariabdulgafur@icloud.com

Naskah Lengkap : Lisensi Terbuka (Format PDF)
Diakses : 307 Kali

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